History of Turkish Delight
The Turkish delight which was an important part of the palace cuisine in the Ottoman period, has hundreds of years of history. The sweet ‘abhisa’, which was frequently consumed by the Sassanites who ruled in the Persian Empire between 226 and 652 BC, although not certain but is known as root of Turkish delight. Turkish Delight was first referred to as ‘rahat ul-hulküm’ in Arabic which means ‘comforting the throat’, but over time it became ‘comfortable delight’. And finally, it was called ‘Turkish Delight’ in modern Turkish.
Its recognition in the Anatolia began from the 15th century. It became the most popular in the 17th century. In the 18th century, the travelers took Turkish Delight to Europe and introduced it as ‘Turkish Delight’. Turkish Delight also gained popularity here. Mass production in the Ottoman Empire began in 1777. At first it was mixed with honey, fruit syrup and flour. With the invention of starch and refined sugar, the flavor has changed until today.
How is Turkish Delight (Lokum) Made?
Turkish Delight is made with citric acid, sugar, starch, food color and aroma. Sugar is boiled in water until it is fully dissolved. The citric acid and starch are left to dissolve in separate cups. Then citric acid and starch are mixed with sugar water. It is boiled for a while. The mixture is checked with a spoon whether it is in a sticky consistency, and it is kept in starchy cups for 20 hours. As a final step, it is shaped on rigid floor and packaged.
Turkish Delight Varieties
There are many kinds of Turkish Delight according to taste, production style and production place. Here are some of the Turkish delight varieties: Kuş Turkish Delight, hazelnut Turkish Delight, walnut Turkish Delight, double roasted Turkish Delight, pistachio Turkish Delight, coconut turkish Turkish Delight, creamy Turkish Delight, fruity mini turkish Turkish Delight, lemon Turkish Delight, mint Turkish Delight, pomegranate Turkish Delight, pistachio croquant Turkish Delight, pomegranate with pistachio Turkish Delight, saffron with pomegranate Turkish Delight, atom Turkish Delight, rose petal with pomegranate and pistachio Turkish Delight & chocolate Turkish Delight.
Nutritional value of Turkish Delight
According to the ingredient used, the nutritional values change and mean values are determined. In a 100 gr of Turkish Delight: 89.28 gr carbohydrate, 0.12 gr protein, 0.19 gr fat, 0 gr fiber, 0 mg cholesterol, 19 mg potassium, 5 mg calcium and 0.1 mg iron is present.
Benefits of Turkish Delight
There are dozens of known benefits of Turkish Delight. Here are the highlights of the Turkish Delight:
– It helps reduce tonsillitis.
– Its carbohydrates are useful for kidney diseases.
– A wonderful healer for boils and sores.
How is Turkish Delight Served?
Food and sweets in the Turkish cuisine have multiple forms of presentation. This also applies to Turkish Delight. As well as being served in a handkerchief, Turkish Delight is also served along with plain, medium or sweet Turkish coffee.